no benzene plasticizer epoxy fatty acid methyl ester efficient plasticizer replacement for primary plasticizer pvc additives

Epoxidized methyl ricinoleate bio-plasticizer with a … Processing polyvinyl chloride (PVC) artificial material requires plasticizer that softens the PVC coating. Currently, utilizing unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters to obtain epoxidized fatty acid methyl ester (EFAME) bio-plasticizers constitutes an environmentally responsible